"Communist International" redirects here. For other uses, see Communist International (disambiguation).
• General Secretary
• First Congress
• Second Congress
• Third Congress
• Fourth Congress
• Fifth Congress
• Sixth Congress
• Seventh Congress
The Communist International, also known as the Third International or Comintern, was an international communist organization led by the Soviet Union. It was established in 1919 after the October Revolution and dissolved in 1943 after the Nazi invasion of the USSR. It was briefly succeeded by the Cominform in 1947.
Delegates from communist parties around the world participated in World Congresses of the Comintern. The Congress decided the number of votes for each party based on its membership and the political importance of the country it is from. The World Congress elected an Executive Committee to lead between congresses, and all parties in the Comintern had to follow the decisions of the Executive Committee. Individual parties could appeal against resolutions of the Executive Committee to the World Congress but had to follow the Congress's decision.
The Executive Committee often invited delegates from communist parties to their meetings but only members elected to the Committee at the World Congress could vote. The Executive Committee elected a Presidium that met at least once a month and the Presidium elected a Political Secretariat.
The Comintern revised its position on national liberation in 1935 to encourage a temporary alliance between the proletariat and national bourgeoisie of colonized nations. It also encouraged communists in Europe to form popular fronts against fascism with all anti-fascist forces.
- J. Peters (1935). A Manual on Organisation: 'Structure and Functions of the Party Organizations'. New York City: Workers Library Publishers.
- Vijay Prashad (2017). Red Star over the Third World: 'Soviet Asia' (pp. 73–74). New Delhi: LeftWord Books.
- Vijay Prashad (2008). The Darker Nations: A People's History of the Third World: 'Brussels' (p. 22). The New Press.
- Georgi Dimitrov (1937). The United Front: 'The Fascist Offensive and the Tasks of the Communist International' (p. 9). San Francisco: Proletarian Publishers.
- Vijay Prashad (2008). The Darker Nations: A People's History of the Third World: 'Bali' (p. 157). The New Press.
- Ludo Martens (1996). Another View of Stalin: 'Stalin and the anti-fascist war' (pp. 185–190). Editions EPO.