Settler colonialism is a form of colonialism that seeks to eliminate or assimilate the indigenous population instead of exploiting their labor. Examples of settler colonial states are Australia, Canada, the Zionist Entity, New Zealand, and the United States. The ruling class can use settler colonialism to discourage revolution by allowing impoverished proletarians to take indigenous land.
The Shawnee leaders Tecumseh and Tenskwatawa organized a pan-indigenous resistance against settler colonialism in the late 18th and early 19th centuries. In the late 19th century, the Paiute leader Wovoka founded the Ghost Dance movement.