South African Communist Party

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South African Communist Party

Suid-Afrikaanse Kommunistiese Party
ChairpersonBlade Nzimande
General SecretarySolly Afrika Mapaila
Founded12 February 1921

The South African Communist Party (SACP) is a communist party in South Africa.


Early years

The Communist Party of South Africa began its founding conference on 30 July 1921.

In 1931, following the police murder of communist organizer Johannes Nkosi, the Comintern International Red Aid established a South African branch called Ikaka la Basebenzi (Workers' Shield).

General Secretary Moses Kotane rejected a proposal to split the party along racial lines in 1938. He promoted the Africanisation of the party and increased cooperation with the African National Congress. In 1943, the CPSA participated in the Anti-Pass Conference.[1]


In 1950, South Africa banned the party and forced it underground. The party renamed itself from the CPSA to SACP.[1]


  1. 1.0 1.1 Josie Mpama (2023-03-31). "Josie Mpama" Tricontinental. Archived from the original on 2023-04-12. Retrieved 2023-04-16.