|Byelorussian Soviet Socialist Republic|
Беларуская Савецкая Сацыялістычная Рэспубліка
Белорусская Советская Социалистическая Республика
Motto: Пралетарыі ўсіх краін, яднайцеся!
and largest city
|Dominant mode of production||Socialism|
• 1989 census
The Byelorussian Soviet Socialist Republic (BSSR) was a republic of the Soviet Union.
Great Patriotic War
In 1939, the Red Army reunified Belarus after entering eastern Poland. During the Great Patriotic War, Germany occupied Belarus and killed from 400,000 to 840,000 Jews. The fascist occupiers destroyed over 9,800 cities, towns, and villages. Over 370,000 people fought as partisans against the Nazis.
In 1970, the average monthly income in Belarus was 1,092 rubles, less than the USSR average of 1,194.
In 1970, 81% of the population of the BSSR were Belarusians and 80.2% of those spoke Belarusian as their native language. 75% of newspapers but only 21% of books in Soviet Belarus were published in Belarusian. Russians made up 10.4% of the BSSR's population. Belarusians made up 3.50% of CPSU membership and were slightly underrepresented in the party.
By 1941, the BSSR had 25 universities with 21,538 students. By 1959, there were 55,700 university students. In 1970, there were 14.38 Belarusian university students per 1,000 people, lower than most Soviet nationalities but higher than Tajiks or Moldovans.
In 1971, Belarus had 26.7 doctors and 98.5 hospital beds per 10,000 people, slightly lower than the union average.
- Albert Szymanski (1984). Human Rights in the Soviet Union: 'The European Nationalities in the USSR' (p. 85). London: Zed Books Ltd.
- "The Belarusian SSR: a brief chronology". Oktyabr. Archived from the original on 2022-08-24. Retrieved 2022-09-11.
- Albert Szymanski (1984). Human Rights in the Soviet Union: 'The Asian Nationalities in the USSR' (pp. 38–59). London: Zed Books Ltd..