February Revolution

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The February Revolution was a bourgeois-democratic revolution that overthrew Tsar Nicholas Romanov and made up the first state of the Russian revolution of 1917, which culminated in the Great October Socialist Revolution.

Revolution[edit | edit source]

On 8 March 1917, Petrograd had a shortage of fuel and food. Women working in the textile industry began a strike, and men and women from other industries soon joined.[1] By 10 March, 50,000 workers were on strike, and Tsarism collapsed on 18 March.[2]

Aftermath[edit | edit source]

The first leader of the provisional government was Georgy Lvov, an aristocratic prince, and his successor, Alexander Kerensky, was a liberal lawyer. Poliksena Shishkina-Iavein led a large demonstration on 19 March for equal rights, and a system of soviets formed dual power by April. Kerensky's government continued to support imperialism, leading the Bolsheviks to denounce it and call for another revolution.[2]

References[edit | edit source]

  1. Vijay Prashad (2017). Red Star over the Third World: 'Preface' (p. 11). [PDF] New Delhi: LeftWord Books.
  2. 2.0 2.1 Vijay Prashad (2017). Red Star over the Third World: 'Red October' (pp. 24–28). [PDF] New Delhi: LeftWord Books.