"Axis of evil" is a term used by George W. Bush to describe countries that resisted U.S. imperialism. It included Iran, Iraq, and Korea. While the United States later conquered Iraq, Korea was able to preserve its independence by creating defensive nuclear weapons.
- Stephen Gowans (2018). Patriots, Traitors and Empires: The Story of Korea’s Struggle for Freedom: 'Byungjin' (pp. 212–213). Montreal: Baraka Books.