Internal Macedonian Revolutionary Organization

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Internal Macedonian Revolutionary Organization

Вътрешна Македонска Революционна Организация (Bulgarian)
Внатрешна Македонска Револуционерна Организација (Macedonian)
LeaderGotse Delchev
Dame Gruev
Todor Aleksandrov
Ivan Mihailov
Preceded byInternal Revolutionary Organization
Succeeded byInternal Macedonian Revolutionary Organization (United)
Balkan Communist Federation
Bulgarian Action Committees
League of Communists of Yugoslavia
Bulgarian Communist Party
Anti-fascist Assembly for the National Liberation of Macedonia
Internal Macedonian Revolutionary Organization – Democratic Party for Macedonian National Unity
Internal Macedonian Revolutionary Organization – People's Party
IMRO – Bulgarian National Movement
National Ideal for Unity
Political orientationMacedonian nationalism
Bulgarian nationalism
Bulgarian irredentism
Communism (some factions)
Fascism (some factions)

The Internal Macedonian Revolutionary Organization (IMRO), also known by many other names throughout its existence, was a secret revolutionary society that - at its height - existed as a Macedonian nationalist terrorist organization from 1893-1934. While the IMRO was never a communist party or communist organization, many communists operated within the IMRO and several IMRO splinter groups later joined communist organizations. Several communist parties in the Balkans also supported IMRO activites.[1] Despite communist support for the original IMRO, the Internal Macedonian Revolutionary Organization – Democratic Party for Macedonian National Unity (VMRO-DPMNE) - a liberal bourgeois party in North Macedonia - claims to be the successor to the IMRO.[2]

History[edit | edit source]

Ottoman era (1893-1912)[edit | edit source]

Founded in Thessaloniki in 1893 during the days of the Sublime Ottoman State,[1] the Internal Macedonian Revolutionary Organization fought against Ottoman rule in Macedonia in a "democratic revolution". These early IMRO activities against imperialist rule had the backing of Bulgarian communists.[3] This marked the beginning of a larger conflict between Ottoman, Serbian, Greek, and Bulgarian paramilitary violence in the Macedonian region known as the Macedonian Struggle. Greek communists described that IMRO as the "most important national liberation organization of the Slavic population in Macedonia against the Turks".[4]

References[edit | edit source]