Italian Republic

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Italian Republic
Repubblica Italiana
Flag of Italian Republic
Flag
Coat of arms of Italian Republic
Coat of arms
Location of Italian Republic
Capital
and largest city
Rome
Official languagesItalian
Dominant mode of productionCapitalism
GovernmentUnitary parliamentary republic
• President
Sergio Mattarella
• Prime Minister
Giorgia Meloni
History
• Unification
17 March 1861
• Republic
2 June 1946
Area
• Total
301,340 km²
Population
• 2020 estimate
60,317,116

Italy, officially the Italian Republic, is a country in Southern Europe.

History

Unification

See main article: Risorgimento

Fascism (1922–1943)

See main article: Kingdom of Italy (1861–1946)#Fascism

During most of the Interwar period and the Second World War, a fascist regime under Benito Mussolini ruled Italy, the economy declined, many ethnic groups, particularly in Italian colonies such as Libya, saw heavy repression, and some of the first mass privatizations occurred.

Cold War

The USA briefly ended its occupation of Italy in 1947 but returned in 1949 when Italy joined NATO.[1] Statesian and Italian leaders worried that communist and socialist parties would come to power.[2]

In 1948, the communist Palmiro Togliatti ran in the Italian general election. The CIA rigged the election and spread capitalist propaganda,[3] causing Togliatti to lose to the Christian Democracy Party. The U.S. military stationed warships around Italy before the election.[2]

The CIA interfered in seven more elections in Italy before 2000.[4]

Politics

Since September 2022, a right-wing coalition of the Fratelli d'Italia, Lega, and Forza Italia parties have governed Italy.[5]

References

  1. David Vine (2020). The United States of War: 'The Spoils of War' (p. 298). Oakland: University of California Press. ISBN 9780520972070 [LG]
  2. 2.0 2.1 David Vine (2020). The United States of War: 'Normalizing Occupation' (pp. 308–9). Oakland: University of California Press. ISBN 9780520972070 [LG]
  3. William Blum (2004). Killing Hope: 'Italy, 1947-1948: Free elections, Hollywood-style'.
  4. David Vine (2020). The United States of War: 'Normalizing Occupation' (pp. 311–2). Oakland: University of California Press. ISBN 9780520972070 [LG]
  5. NPA Antifascist Commission (2024-05-19). "The resistible rise of the far right in Europe" International Viewpoint. Archived from the original on 2024-05-29.