Italian Communist Party

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Italian Communist Party

Partito Comunista Italiano
AbbreviationPCd'I (Italian)
Founded21 January 1921
Dissolved3 February 1991
Youth wingCommunist Youth Federation
Political orientationMarxism-Leninism
Revolutionary socialism

The Italian Communist Party (PCd'I) was a Marxist-Leninist, later Eurocommunist, party in Italy. It originated in a split from the Italian Socialist Party in 1921, when the pro-Comintern faction split off and formed the PCd'I.

The PCd'I eventually turned to revisionism and Eurocommunism; the party continued to exist in revisionist form until 1991, when the fall of the Warsaw pact resulted in the leadership fully capitulating to liberalism.


During the Prague Spring, the PCd'I defended Alexander Dubček's revisionist policies and described NATO as a defensive alliance. It later supported Gorbachyov's rejection of class struggle.[1]


  1. Roger Keeran, Thomas Kenny (2010). Socialism Betrayed: Behind the Collapse of the Soviet Union: 'Turning Point, 1987-88' (p. 154). [PDF] ISBN 9781450241717