Communist Party of China

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Communist Party of China

General SecretaryXi Jinping
Founded23 July, 1921
NewspaperPeople's Daily
Think tankCentral Policy Research Office
Youth wingCommunist Youth League of China
Young Pioneers of China
Political lineMarxism–Leninism
Mao Zedong Thought
Deng Xiaoping Theory
Three Represents
Scientific Outlook on Development
Xi Jinping Thought

The Communist Party of China (CPC) (in Western media it is typically written as CCP, or Chinese Communist Party) is the vanguard of both of the Chinese working class and of the Chinese nation. It is guided by its ideology which is a practical application of Marxism-Leninism to the specific conditions of China. Among these ideological developments is Socialism with Chinese characteristics which emphasizes the development of China's advanced productive forces, the orientation of China's advanced culture and the fundamental interests of the overwhelming majority of the Chinese people. The realization of communism is the highest ideal and ultimate goal of the Party. [1]


The Communist Party of China was founded on July 23, 1921, heavily influenced by the events of the May Fourth Movement and the October Revolution.[2] After many years of civil war in which the CPC achieved total victory in mainland China and most of the coastal islands, led the People's Liberation Army to defeat the National Army of the Republic of China, and forced the Republic of China into a military coup.

The government of the Republic of China retreated to Taiwan. Mao Zedong established the People's Republic of China in Beijing in 1949, the only ruling party in the PRC leading the Workers' and Peasants' Alliance and the United Front on behalf of the working class and exercising the People's Democratic Dictatorship in mainland China since October 1949.


In 2020, The Communist Party of China is about 91,914,000 members large or about 6.57% of their population. In 2017, about 26.7% of members are women.[3] In 2015, roughly 30% are farmers, herdsmen or fishermen, 25% white collar workers, 18% retirees, 8% government employees.[4]

On July 2, 2001, Jiang Zemin allowed the possibility of membership to be extended to the Bourgeoisie.[5]