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Zhōngguó Guómíndǎng
Chungkuo Kuomintang
PremierSun Yat-sen (eternal)[1]
Director-GeneralChiang Kai-shek (eternal)[2]
ChairmanEric Chu
Secretary-GeneralJustin Huang
Founded (1919-10-10) October 10, 1919 (age 104)
Shanghai French Concession
Merger ofRevive China Society (1894)
Tongmenghui (1905)
HeadquartersNo. 232–234, Sec. 2, Bade Rd., Zhongshan District, Taipei City 104, Taiwan[3]
NewspaperCentral Daily News
Think tankNational Policy Foundation
Youth wingKuomintang Youth League
Three Principles of the People Youth League (1938–1947)
Education wingInstitute of Revolutionary Practice
Military wingNational Revolutionary Army (1925–1947)
Paramilitary wingBlue Shirts Society (1932–1938)
Political orientationChinese nationalism
Three Principles of the People[4]

The Kuomintang (KMT) is a reactionary Chinese nationalist political party founded in 1912. It was formed in the context of the 1911 Chinese revolution against the Qing dynasty, and had its origins in Revive China Society, a Han nationalist organization. During the period of 1912 until the Chinese revolution in 1949, the Kuomintang led the government of mainland China, and since 1937 allied with the Communist Party of China against Japanese imperialism.

After the revolution, the Kuomintang lost favor to the Communist Party of China, and the party and its supporters fled mainland China to Taiwan in 1949.

Political Advocacy

Pre-Civil War

The main founder of the Kuomintang was Sun Yat-sen, whose "Three Principles of the People" supported the overthrow of the Qing Dynasty, the abolition of imperialist privileges in China, the promotion of political democratization and the promotion of social justice.

In 1926, the Kuomintang joined forces with the Communist Party of China and launched a war against the feudal warlords. The Comintern supported the left wing of the Kuomintang but refused to merge the KMT and CPC.[5]

The war was initially won, but Sun Yat-sen had already passed away in 1925. on April 12, 1927, Chiang Kai-shek launched a coup d'état and began arresting Communists.

White Terror

After fleeing to Taiwan in 1949, the Kuomintang breakaway government declared martial law in an effort to suppress suspected communists and dissidents. During this time, suspected communists, dissidents, and even native and indigenous Taiwanese people were murdered and suppressed. [6]

The end of the white terror is generally considered to be when martial law was lifted, which was almost 40 years later in 1987.


  1. "中國國民黨大事記". 中國國民黨全球資訊網 [KMT Global Info Web]. Archived from the original on 2009-08-02.
  2. "中國國民黨大事記". 中國國民黨全球資訊網. Archived from the original on 2009-08-02.
  3. "Kuomintang Official Website". Archived from the original on 3 July 2015.
  4. *"政策綱領". Archived from the original on 2019-05-13.
  5. Vijay Prashad (2017). Red Star over the Third World: 'Enemy of Imperialism' (pp. 78–79). [PDF] New Delhi: LeftWord Books.
  6. Chen Yu-fu and William Hetherington (August 30, 2021). "Aboriginal White Terror period victims remembered" Taipei Times.