Communist Party of Germany

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Communist Party of Germany

Kommunistische Partei Deutschlands
AbbreviationKPD
FoundersRosa Luxemburg
Karl Liebknecht
Founded1 January 1919
Banned17 August 1956
Dissolved21 April 1946
Preceded bySpartacus League
Merged intoSocialist Unity Party of Germany
Succeeded byGerman Communist Party
NewspaperDie Rote Fahne
Youth wingYoung Communist League of Germany
Political orientationCommunism
International affiliationComintern (1919–1943)
Party flag

The Communist Party of Germany (KPD), was a communist party in Germany founded by Rosa Luxemburg and Karl Liebknecht. The branch in the German Democratic Republic merged into the ruling Socialist Unity Party of Germany whilst the western branch was banned by the government of West Germany.

History[edit | edit source]

Founding[edit | edit source]

The Communist Party was formed in the midst of the November Revolution, which occurred in Weimar Germany not long after the end of the First World War. A party congress convened by the Spartacus League occurred in Berlin from December 30, 1918, to January 1, 1919, where a socialist party program was adopted and solidarity with Soviet Russia was declared. From its founding the party was targeted by the imperialists and on 15 January 1919 party leaders Luxemburg and Liebknecht were captured and murdered.[1]

References[edit | edit source]

  1. V. I. Tspanov (1979). The Great Soviet Encyclopedia: 'Communist Party of Germany'.