Japanese Communist Party

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Japanese Communist Party

Founded (1922-07-15) July 15, 1922 (age 101)
NewspaperShimbun Akahata
Membership (2022)260,000[1]
Political orientationMarxism
House of Representatives10 seats out of 465 seats
House of Councilors11 seats out of 242 seats

The Japanese Communist Party[a] (JCP) is a communist party in Japan that was founded in 1922.

In October 13th 2022, the JCP opposed Russia in the Ukraine proxy war.[2]

History[edit | edit source]

Founding[edit | edit source]

The Japanese Communist Party was founded in 1922 and was soon outlawed by the imperial government's Peace Preservation Law.[3] Fukumoto Kazuo advocated for "unity in separation" and ideological purity, which the Comintern denounced as ultra-left in 1927. The 1927 Comintern Theses argued that Japan still needed a bourgeois-democratic revolution against the emperor and landlordism.[4]

Fascist period[edit | edit source]

By the 1930s, two factions had emerged: the smaller Rōnō faction that defined the 1868 Meiji Restoration as a full bourgeois-democratic revolution and the larger Kōza faction that defined it as an incomplete bourgeois revolution.[4] In 1932 in Moscow, Nosaka Sanzō, the party's representative to the Comintern, wrote the 1932 Thesis,[3] aligning with the Kōza position. Party leader Noro Eitarō completed the Lectures on the History of Development of Japanese Capitalism in 1932, aligning with the 1932 Thesis, and died in prison in 1934.[4]

During the Second World War, Nosaka fled to China and joined the Chinese Red Army to fight against the Empire of Japan. He founded the Japanese People's Emancipation League, which attracted Japanese deserters and POWs to fight for socialism.[3]

Postwar period[edit | edit source]

Tokuda Kyūichi, who had spent 18 years in prison under the Peace Preservation Law, became leader of the party after the war. In 1946, Douglas MacArthur began the Red Purges against the party due to its popular support. The party went underground and called for armed national liberation struggle against the USA. The party incorrectly focused on the countryside and attempted to start a protracted people's war led by the peasantry.[4]

The JCP's Sixth Congress in 1955 rejected armed struggle and considered the return to the villages to be ultra-left adventurism. Due to its reformist deviations, it failed to lead the 1960 Anpo protests against the USA-Japan Joint Security Treaty.[4]

Positions[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]

Notes[edit | edit source]

  1. Japanese: 日本共産党