Sudanese Communist Party

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Sudanese Communist Party

الحزب الشيوعي السوداني
General SecretaryMuhammad Mukhtar al-Khatib
International affiliationIMCWP

The Sudanese Communist Party (SCP) is a communist party in Sudan. During the 1960s, it was the only party popular throughout the country because it recruited both Muslims and Christians.[1] Since the 2019 Sudanese coup, many of its members have been arrested by the military junta.[2]


The SCP supported Jafaar Nimeiry's 1969 coup against a military junta, but Nimeiry's government attacked the party afterwards. He executed its leaders, including Abdel al-Khaliq, Joseph Garang, and Ahmed al-Sheikh. The Soviet Union tried to negotiate for asylum for the SCP's leaders but failed.[1]

In May 2022, General Secretary Muhammad al-Khatib and Politburo member Salih Mahmoud were arrested by the military after returning from South Sudan.[2] They were released on May 20.[3]


  1. 1.0 1.1 Vijay Prashad (2008). The Darker Nations: A People's History of the Third World: 'Bali' (pp. 159–61). [PDF] The New Press. ISBN 9781595583420 [LG]
  2. 2.0 2.1 "PSL Statement: Solidarity with the Sudanese Communist Party" (2022-05-17). Liberation News. Archived from the original on 2022-06-08. Retrieved 2022-06-20.
  3. "Sudan's regime arrests Communist Party leaders" (2022-05-20). In Defense of Communism. Archived from the original on 2022-05-20. Retrieved 2022-06-20.