Communist Party of Denmark

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Communist Party of Denmark

Danmarks Kommunistiske Parti
Founded9 November 1919

The Communist Party of Denmark (DKP) is a Marxist–Leninist party in Denmark.

History[edit | edit source]

In March 1918, Marie Nielsen left the Social Democratic Party and formed the Socialist Labour Party. In November 1919, there was a split in the Social Democratic Party that resulted in the formation of the Left-Socialist Party of Denmark. The Left-Socialist Party participated in the second congress of the Comintern in 1920 and soon changed its named to the Communist Party of Denmark. The Socialist Labour Party split and its members joined the Communist Party and the Trade Union Opposition Coalition (FS). In 1921, the DPK and FS merged but split the next year, only to rejoin in 1923.

In 1929, the Comintern removed the reformist leadership of the DKP. After 18 months, a new leadership took power that included Aksel Larsen, Martin Nielsen, and Arne Munch-Petersen.

In 1932, the DKP won two seats in parliament with 1.1% of the vote. In 1939, this increased to three seats with 2.4% of the vote.

The DKP was banned in 1941 after the Nazi invasion of Denmark and 300 of its members were imprisoned.[1]

References[edit | edit source]

  1. Morten Thing (1990). The Communist Party of Denmark and Comintern (1919–1943) (pp. 4–6). [PDF]