Communist Party of Vietnam

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Communist Party of Vietnam

Đảng Cộng-sản Việt-nam
General SecretaryNguyễn Phú Trọng
FounderHồ Chí Minh
Founded3 February 1930
NewspaperNhân Dân
Student wingVietnamese Students' Association
Youth wingHo Chi Minh Communist Youth Union
Ho Chi Minh Young Pioneer Organization
Women's wingVietnam Women's Union
Political orientationMarxism–Leninism
Ho Chi Minh Thought
Socialist-oriented market economy
International affiliationInternational Meeting of Communist and Workers' Parties

The Communist Party of Vietnam is currently the ruling and only legal political party in Vietnam. It is the vanguard of the Vietnamese working class, and the party of the proletariat. It was formerly known as the Communist Party of Indochina and the Vietnam Labor Party.


Background and foundation

Ho Chi Minh founded the Intercolonial Union in 1921 and the Peasants' International Congress in 1923 to oppose French colonialism. Created in 1924, the Vietnam Revolutionary Youth Association was an illegal proletarian organization that agitated workers in mines, factories and plantations. They also worked with peasants and the petty bourgeoisie. In May 1929, they held a congress in Hong Kong and the Bắc Kỳ delegation from northern Vietnam proposed to dissolve the association and form a communist party. This proposal was not accepted, so the Bắc Kỳ delegation left and formed the Indochinese Communist Party. In October, the Nam Kỳ branch of the VRYA from the far south of Vietnam created the Annamese Communist Party. In February 1930, Ho Chi Minh convened a meeting of the the VRYA, ICP, and ACP in Hong Kong, where the three organizations were unified into the Communist Party of Vietnam.[1]

French colonial period

By March 1931, the party had 2,400 members. On 11 April 1931, the Third International recognized the Communist Party of Vietnam. In June, Ho Chi Minh was arrested by the British in Hong Kong but escaped and arrived in the Soviet Union in 1933. Hundreds of revolutionaries were killed by French authorities between 1930 and 1933. The first national congress of the party was held in Macau in March 1935. In July 1935, Lê Hồng Phong was invited to the seventh congress of the Comintern.[2]

Further reading


  1. S. Horrison (1976). An Outline History of the Viet Nam Workers' Party (1930–1975): 'The struggle to set up the Party of the Vietnamese working class. The August 1945 Revolution and the founding of the Democratic Republic of Viet Nam (1920-1945).' (pp. 7–14). [PDF] Hanoi: Foreign Languages Publishing House.
  2. Foreign Languages Publishing House (1986). History of the Communist Party of Vietnam (pp. 38–48). [PDF] Hanoi.