- Not to be confused with the People's Republic of China
Republic of China中華民國（ㄓㄨㄥ ㄏㄨㄚˊ ㄇㄧㄣˊ ㄍㄨㄛˊ）FlagDark green: Controlled territories
Light green: Claimed territories
Capital (claimed) Taipei Largest city New Taipei City Dominant mode of production Capitalism Government Unitary corporatocratic republic• President (acting) Tsai Ing-wen• Vice President (acting) Lai Ching-te• Premier (acting) Su Tseng-chang History 1911• Republic of China proclaimed 1912 1937–1945• Government flees to Taiwan 1949
The so-called Republic of China (ROC) is a neoliberal rump-state currently occupying the PRC Province of Taiwan. It has historically been dominated by the right-wing Kuomintang. Presently, the Democratic Progressive Party, which follows reactionary imperialist ideology, is the dominant party. The DPP supports Taiwan's independence, propagandises the Taiwanese people, and persecutes reunificationists and Communists extensively.
On 1947 February 28, the Kuomintang began massacring its enemies, especially communists. Xie Xuehong, a founder of the Taiwanese Communist Party, formed the 27 Brigade in Taizhong as a guerrilla resistance group. The government killed tens of thousands of people, leading many surviving leftists to flee to Hong Kong or the mainland.
Air Defense Identification Zone
After the Second World War, the United States established the Air Defense Identification Zone (ADIZ). It is not recognized by international law and includes large portions of mainland China. After Nancy Pelosi came to Taiwan, China began military exercises in the waters around Taiwan, and the PLA warships are only a dozen kilometers from the island's coastline, and PLA missiles leap over the island. The DPP government explained that "the PLA missiles were flying outside the atmosphere and did not leap over Taiwan's air defense identification zone, so no air defense sirens were sounded."
The United Nations ended recognition of the Republic of China as the legitimate government of the peoples in China in 1971, and switched UN membership to the People's Republic of China, which controlled the mainland, and the United States followed by ending recognition in December 1978. U.S. President Jimmy Carter signed the Taiwan Relations Act in 1979, allowing the U.S. to sell weapons to Taiwan, which was under martial law at the time.
In 1982, the U.S. signed a communique with the PRC to gradually end arms sales to the ROC. The United States did not follow the communique and has sold $14 billion of weapons to the ROC.
On August 2, 2022, Speaker of the U.S. House of Representatives Nancy Pelosi defied warnings to travel to Taiwan for a visit. A march by Taiwanese against Pelosi's arrival was forcibly evicted by police, and her arrival caused nationwide outrage in mainland China. on August 3, the People's Liberation Army (PLA) conducted exercises for an all-round blockade of the island of Taiwan, with PLA warships crossing the center line of the strait to approach the Taiwanese coast.
Western separatist movement
In the Western media, and with the ROC government itself, the Republic of China is portrayed to be the beacon of democracy in Asia, while the People's Republic of China is portrayed as a totalitarian dictatorship. However, its ruling party, the Democratic Progressive Party, which is neither democratic nor progressive, has persecuted the unificationists. The Television host Huang Chih-hsien had hosted the pro-unification program "Yè wèn" but was forcibly taken off the air. She continued to host the program "Yè wèn dǎ quán" on Youtube but was blocked. Pro-unification YouTuber Hán guórén was restricted from gaining advertising revenue and was fined. The People's Communist Party of Taiwan was abolished and its landlord refused to allow it to continue renting offices. In Taiwan, where land is privately owned, the temporary offices of the People's Communist Party of Taiwan on private land were forcibly demolished by the local government. Party members play the International and wave the five-star red flag and sickle and hammer flag in protest. A march against Pelosi outside the hotel where Pelosi was staying was forcibly suppressed.
Human rights issues
Politicization of epidemic prevention
In 2020 COVID-19 outbreak, the Republic of China refused to use vaccines produced in the People's Republic of China and instead received eliminated vaccines from other countries. The AZ vaccine and Moderna vaccine killed 1,108 people in the Republic of China by November 19, 2021.
Taiwan's epidemic situation is out of control in 2022, and the Taiwan Affairs Office of the People's Republic of China has offered to help Taiwan raise the needed epidemic prevention supplies but has been rejected. Because of the shortage of PRC reagents in Taiwan, people often queue for hours but to be told they have run out of PRC reagents.
Medical insurance issues
The Constitution of the Republic of China stipulates that its capital is Nanjing, which is currently controlled by the People's Republic of China, the people of mainland China are all the people of the Republic of China. But in fact, the Republic of China did not treat the people of mainland China equally. With the outbreak in Taiwan spiraling out of control, many mainland Chinese in Taiwan have been infected with COVID-19, Since the Republic of China does not allow mainland Chinese to have ROC's official medical insurance, they must bear the high medical costs themselves. In the People's Republic of China, all ROC nationals are entitled to the same treatment as PRC nationals.
Death of homeless people
Taiwan is in the subtropics, but many homeless people die every winter due to the cold. 126 people were frozen to death throughout Taiwan on January 9-10, 2021. In mainland China, the number of homeless people in mainland China's cities has been drastically reduced and incidents of homeless people dying violently on the streets have almost disappeared due to measures such as establishing homeless shelters, giving homeless people jobs, and asking villages to take in homeless people.
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