Republic of China

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Not to be confused with the People's Republic of China
Republic of China
中華民國(ㄓㄨㄥ ㄏㄨㄚˊ ㄇㄧㄣˊ ㄍㄨㄛˊ)
1912–1949 (de jure)
Flag of Republic of China
Dark green: Controlled territories Light green: Claimed territories
Dark green: Controlled territories
Light green: Claimed territories
Capital (claimed and occupied)Taipei
Largest cityNew Taipei City
Dominant mode of productionCapitalism
GovernmentUnitary corporatocratic republic
• President (acting)
Tsai Ing-wen
• Vice President (acting)
Lai Ching-te
• Premier (acting)
Su Tseng-chang
• Republic of China proclaimed
• Government flees to Taiwan
• Loss of United Nations representation and recognition
25 October 1971

The Republic of China (ROC), also commonly referred to as Taiwan, is a neoliberal rump-state currently occupying the Taiwan Province of the People's Republic of China. It has historically been dominated by the right-wing Kuomintang. Presently, the Democratic Progressive Party, which follows reactionary imperialist ideology, is the dominant party. The DPP supports Taiwan's independence, propagandises the Taiwanese people, and persecutes reunificationists and Communists extensively.

History[edit | edit source]

On 1947 February 28, the Kuomintang began massacring its enemies, especially communists. Xie Xuehong, a founder of the Taiwanese Communist Party, formed the 27 Brigade in Taizhong as a guerrilla resistance group. The government killed tens of thousands of people, leading many surviving leftists to flee to Hong Kong or the mainland.[1]

Air Defense Identification Zone[edit | edit source]

After the Second World War, the United States established the Air Defense Identification Zone (ADIZ). It is not recognized by international law and includes large portions of mainland China.[2] After Nancy Pelosi came to Taiwan, China began military exercises in the waters around Taiwan, and the PLA warships are only a dozen kilometers from the island's coastline, and PLA missiles leap over the island. The DPP government explained that "the PLA missiles were flying outside the atmosphere and did not leap over Taiwan's air defense identification zone, so no air defense sirens were sounded."

Foreign relations[edit | edit source]

The United Nations ended recognition of the Republic of China as the legitimate government of the peoples in China in 1971, and switched UN membership to the People's Republic of China, which controlled the mainland,[3] and the United States followed by ending recognition in December 1978. U.S. President Jimmy Carter signed the Taiwan Relations Act in 1979, allowing the U.S. to sell weapons to Taiwan, which was under martial law at the time.[4]

U.S. support[edit | edit source]

In 1982, the U.S. signed a communique with the PRC to gradually end arms sales to the ROC. The United States did not follow the communique and has sold $14 billion of weapons to the ROC.[3]

On August 2, 2022, Speaker of the U.S. House of Representatives Nancy Pelosi defied warnings to travel to Taiwan for a visit. A march by Taiwanese against Pelosi's arrival was forcibly evicted by police, and her arrival caused nationwide outrage in mainland China. on August 3, the People's Liberation Army (PLA) conducted exercises for an all-round blockade of the island of Taiwan, with PLA warships crossing the center line of the strait to approach the Taiwanese coast.

Western separatist movement[edit | edit source]

In 1997, the Taiwanese bourgeoisie founded Club 51, which sought to make Taiwan the 51st state of the USA.[5]

Most Taiwanese people support maintaining the status quo and/or moving towards independence from China. As of 2023, 32.1% of Taiwanese support maintaining the status quo indefinitely, 28.6% want to maintain the status quo for now until a decision to either reunify with the rest of China or declare independence can be made at a later date, 21.4% want to maintain the status quo for now while moving towards independence, and 4.5% want Taiwan to declare independence as soon as possible. Only 5.8% support maintaining the status quo for now while gradually moving towards reunification and only 1.6% want rapid reunification.[6]

Politics[edit | edit source]

2024 provincial elections[edit | edit source]

On 2024 January 13, Lai Qingde of the extreme separatist Democratic Progressive Party won 40.05% of the vote, Hou Youyi of the Kuomintang (KMT) won 33.49%, and Ke Wenzhe of the Taiwan People's Party won 26.46%. This election was the first time since 2000 that no candidate won a majority of the votes in the executive election.

The DPP lost its majority in the legislative elections, winning only 51 seats. The DPP won 52 seats, the TPP won eight, and pro-KMT independents won two.[7]

False democracy[edit | edit source]

In the Western media, and with the ROC government itself, the Republic of China is portrayed to be the beacon of democracy in Asia, while the People's Republic of China is portrayed as a totalitarian dictatorship. However, its ruling party, the Democratic Progressive Party, which is neither democratic nor progressive, has persecuted the unificationists. The Television host Huang Chih-hsien had hosted the pro-unification program "Yè wèn" but was forcibly taken off the air. She continued to host the program "Yè wèn dǎ quán" on Youtube but was blocked.[8] Pro-unification YouTuber Hán guórén was restricted from gaining advertising revenue and was fined. The People's Communist Party of Taiwan was abolished and its landlord refused to allow it to continue renting offices. In Taiwan, where land is privately owned, the temporary offices of the People's Communist Party of Taiwan on private land were forcibly demolished by the local government. Party members play the International and wave the five-star red flag and sickle and hammer flag in protest. A march against Pelosi outside the hotel where Pelosi was staying was forcibly suppressed.

Human rights issues[edit | edit source]

Politicization of epidemic prevention[edit | edit source]

In 2020 COVID-19 outbreak, the Republic of China refused to use vaccines produced in the People's Republic of China and instead received eliminated vaccines from other countries. The AZ vaccine and Moderna vaccine killed 1,108 people in the Republic of China by November 19, 2021.[9]

Taiwan's epidemic situation is out of control in 2022, and the Taiwan Affairs Office of the People's Republic of China has offered to help Taiwan raise the needed epidemic prevention supplies but has been rejected. Because of the shortage of PRC reagents in Taiwan, people often queue for hours but to be told they have run out of PRC reagents.[10]

Medical insurance issues[edit | edit source]

The Constitution of the Republic of China stipulates that its capital is Nanjing, which is currently controlled by the People's Republic of China, the people of mainland China are all the people of the Republic of China. But in fact, the Republic of China did not treat the people of mainland China equally. With the outbreak in Taiwan spiraling out of control, many mainland Chinese in Taiwan have been infected with COVID-19, Since the Republic of China does not allow mainland Chinese to have ROC's official medical insurance, they must bear the high medical costs themselves. In the People's Republic of China, all ROC nationals are entitled to the same treatment as PRC nationals.

Death of homeless people[edit | edit source]

Taiwan is in the subtropics, but many homeless people die every winter due to the cold. 126 people were frozen to death throughout Taiwan on January 9-10, 2021.[11] In mainland China, the number of homeless people in mainland China's cities has been drastically reduced and incidents of homeless people dying violently on the streets have almost disappeared due to measures such as establishing homeless shelters, giving homeless people jobs, and asking villages to take in homeless people.[12]

References[edit | edit source]

  1. Arjae Red (2023-06-06). "U.S. anti-imperialist delegation meets with Taiwan Democratic Self-Government League" Workers World. Retrieved 2023-06-07.
  2. Danny Haiphong (2021-10-27). "Taiwan Demonstrates that the American Empire is a Paper Tiger" Black Agenda Report. Archived from the original on 2022-03-12. Retrieved 2022-07-06.
  3. 3.0 3.1 Danny Haiphong (2022-07-06). "Taiwan and the Making of an “Asian” NATO" Black Agenda Report. Retrieved 2022-07-06.
  4. Vijay Prashad (2022-08-11). "Can We Please Have an Adult Conversation about China?: The Thirty-Second Newsletter (2022)" Tricontinental. Archived from the original on 2022-08-11. Retrieved 2022-08-12.
  5. Vijay Prashad (2008). The Darker Nations: A People's History of the Third World: 'Singapore' (p. 257). [PDF] The New Press. ISBN 9781595583420 [LG]
  6. Election Study Center (2023). Taiwan Independence vs. Unification with the Mainland. National Chengchi University.
  7. "Taiwan’s 2024 presidential election: U.S. propaganda of “independence” must be rejected" (2024-01-16). Liberation News. Archived from the original on 2024-01-17.
  8. "《海峡午报》蔡当局报复来了?黄智贤证实《夜问打权》将被停播 20190628". 东南卫视.
  9. "台湾地区累计1108人打新冠疫苗后死亡 多为AZ及莫德纳" (2021-11-19).
  10. "台湾疫情崩溃全解析|(一)快筛之乱". 华夏经纬网.
  11. 大公报.
  12. 珠海民政. "积极推进流浪乞讨人员救助管理服务质量,市救助管理站这样做......" 澎湃新闻.