Portuguese Republic

From ProleWiki, the proletarian encyclopedia
Portuguese Republic
República Portuguesa
Flag of Portuguese Republic
Coat of arms of Portuguese Republic
Coat of arms
Location of Portuguese Republic
and largest city
Official languagesPortuguese
Recognized regional languagesMirandese
Dominant mode of productionCapitalism
• Total
92,212 km²
• 2021 estimate

Portugal, officially the Portuguese Republic, is a country in Western Europe bordered by Spain. It is a member of the EU, and NATO.


After the War of Spanish Succession, which ended in 1714, Portugal became a British protectorate. The British protected Portugal's colonies against Spain and France in exchange for privileges such as access to ports and telegraphs and the ability to export capital. Semi-colonial control of Portugal continued up to the First World War.[1]

Portuguese Fascism ("Estado Novo")

The USA supported Portuguese colonialism in exchange for military bases in the Azores. Portugal was a founding member of NATO.[2]

Carnation Revolution

A military coup in 1974 overthrew the USA-backed fascist Estado Novo regime that had ruled the country since the 1920s. The provisional government then began to nationalize major industries, establish a minimum wage, and begin a land reform program. The USA subverted Portuguese trade unions and sabotaged the economy by cutting off trade. NATO sent 19 warships to Lisbon to intimidate the country and allow CIA-funded politicians to take power.[3]


  1. Vladimir Lenin (1916). Imperialism, the Highest Stage of Capitalism: 'Division of the World among the Great Powers'. Moscow: Progress Publishers. [MIA]
  2. David Vine (2020). The United States of War: 'Normalizing Occupation' (p. 304). Oakland: University of California Press. ISBN 9780520972070 [LG]
  3. William Blum (2002). Rogue State: A Guide to the World's Only Superpower: 'A Concise History of United States Global Interventions, 1945 to the Present' (p. 124). [PDF] Zed Books Ltd. ISBN 9781842772201 [LG]