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Anti-communist propaganda poster from the 1950's depicting the "sword of democracy" fighting against a hammer and sickle in the Philippines

Anti-communism is a reactionary political ideology which opposes communism, usually promoted by capitalist propagandists who recognize communism as a threat to their power.

While organized anti-communism emerged in response to the Russian Revolution of 1917, bourgeois repression of working class movements was already enforced before that, notably in the repression against the Paris Commune.[1]

In the first paragraph of his 1848 Manifesto of the communist party, Karl Marx references anti-communism already existent in his time: “All the powers of old Europe have entered into a holy alliance to exorcise [the spectre of communism]: Pope and Tsar, Metternich and Guizot, French Radicals and German police-spies.”[2]

Anti-communists frequently blame problems of capitalism on immigrants, Black people,Jews or the disabled instead of on the exploitation and chaos inherent in the capitalist mode of production.[3]

As such, it can be understood that anti-communism always comes along with racism and white supremacy.


Origins of anti-communism

Bourgeois repression of communism can be traced as early as 1796,[1] when the newly installed French bourgeois government ordered the arrest and execution of the utopian socialist François-Noël Babeuf, in a crackdown against the "Conspiracy of the Equals", a group of Jacobin revolutionaries who advocated for the abolition of private property.

Auguste Blanqui, another utopian socialist, was frequently persecuted and arrested during his lifetime.[1]

Reaction to October Revolution

Anti-communism in the United States

1960s anti-communist poster from the United States. Notice the racist and fascist ideology.
More racist anti-communist propaganda

The history of the white supremacist movement in the United States is the history of anti-communism. [4]


  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 Fabio Giovannini (2004). Brief history of anti-communism [Italian: Breve storia dell'anticomunismo]. Roma: Datanews Editrice. ISBN 9788879812511 [LG]
  2. Karl Marx. Manifesto of the communist party. Library link
  3. Jodi Dean (2022-12-19). "Whose lessons? Which direction?" Liberation School. Archived from the original on 2022-12-19. Retrieved 2022-12-23.
  4. Lz. A., Edited by Roderic Day, Nia Frome (2004). A Brief History of American Vigilantism.

See also