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COINTELPRO (syllabic abbreviation derived from COunter INTELligence PROgram) (1956- unknown) was a series of covert and illegal[1][2] projects conducted by the United States Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) aimed at surveilling, infiltrating, discrediting, and disrupting domestic American political organizations.[3][4] FBI records show COINTELPRO resources targeted groups and individuals the FBI deemed subversive,[5] including feminist organizations,[6] the Communist Party USA,[7] anti–Vietnam War organizers, activists of the civil rights movement or Black Power movement(e.g. Martin Luther King Jr., the Nation of Islam, and the Black Panther Party), environmentalist and animal rightsorganizations, the American Indian Movement (AIM), independence movements (such as Puerto Rican independencegroups like the Young Lords), and a variety of organizations that were part of the broader New Left and unrelated groups such as the Ku Klux Klan.[8]


  1. "I. Introduction and Summary" (PDF). Intelligence Activities and the Rights of Americans – Church Committee final report. II. United States Senate. 1976-04-26. p. 10. Archived (PDF) from the original on 2014-04-18. Retrieved 2014-07-15.
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  3. Jalon, Allan M. (8 March 2006). "A break-in to end all break-ins". Los Angeles Times. Archived from the original on 2013-12-03. Retrieved 2014-07-15.
  4. The Dangers of Domestic Spying by Federal Law Enforcement (PDF) (Report). American Civil Liberties Union. 2002. Archived (PDF) from the original on 2018-02-05. Retrieved 2017-11-14.
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  6. "The Women's Liberation Movement and COINTELPRO" (PDF). Archived (PDF) from the original on 2015-07-24.
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