Republic of Senegal

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Republic of Senegal
جمهورية السنغال
𞤈𞤫𞤲𞤣𞤢𞥄𞤲𞤣𞤭 𞤅𞤫𞤲𞤫𞤺𞤢𞥄𞤤𞤭
Réewum Senegaal
Flag of Republic of Senegal
Coat of arms of Republic of Senegal
Coat of arms
Location of Republic of Senegal
and largest city
Official languagesFrench
Common languagesArabic
Dominant mode of productionNeocolonial capitalism
GovernmentNeocolonial bourgeois republic
• President
Macky Sall
• Total
196,712 km²
• 2021 estimate

Senegal, officially the Republic of Senegal, is a country in West Africa. Due to French colonial exploitation, it has a poverty rate of 40% and rising unemployment and inequality.[1]


2023 protests

In 2023, protests began against neocolonial president Macky Sall after he tried to get an unconstitutional third term. So far, 16 people have died, 300 have been injured, and 500 have been arrested. The protestors support Ousmane Sonko, an anti-French opposition leader who was arrested by Sall. Journalist Pape Alé Niang was also arrested for releasing a police report that cleared Sonko of a rape charge.[1]


Sonko leads the PASTEF (African Patriots of Senegal for Work, Ethics, and Fraternity) Party, which supports the youth and working class against the corrupt elite and supports state-led development. He also wants to remove Senegal's dependence on the Central African franc, a neocolonial currency. Sonko won 15% of the vote in the 2019 presidential election against Sall.[1]


  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 Bezaleel Jupiter (2023-06-14). "Why are protests flaring in Senegal?" Liberation News. Retrieved 2023-06-15.