Federative Republic of Brazil

From ProleWiki, the proletarian encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Federative Republic of Brazil

República Federativa do Brasil
Flag of Federative Republic of Brazil
Coat of arms of Federative Republic of Brazil
Coat of arms
Location of Federative Republic of Brazil
Largest citySão Paulo
GovernmentFederal presidential bourgeois state
• President
Jair Bolsonaro
• President of the Chamber of Deputies
Arthur Lira
• President of the Federal Senate
Rodrigo Pacheco
• President of the Supreme Federal Court
Luiz Fux
• Proclamation of the Empire of Brazil
1822 September 7th
• Proclamation of the Republic of Brazil
1889 November 15th
• US-backed right-wing military dictatorship
1964 April 1st
• Redemocratization
1985 March 15th
• 2020 estimate
• Labour force
86.621 million[2]
• Labour force participation
• Occupation
agriculture: 9.4%
industry: 32.1%
services: 58.5%[2]
• Unemployment rate
GDP (nominal)2019 estimate
• Total
US$1.84 trillion[5]
• Per capita
Exports2019 estimate
• Value
US$263 billion[7]
• Commodities
soybeans, crude petroleum, iron, corn, wood pulp products[2]
• Partners
China (28%),
United States (13%)[2]
Imports2019 estimate
• Value
US$269 billion[8]
• Commodities
refined petroleum, vehicle parts, crude petroleum, integrated circuits, pesticides[2]
• Partners
China (21%),
United States (18%),
Germany (6%)
External debtUS$684.6 billion (20th)
Gini (2018)53.9% (9th)
HDI (2019)0.765 (84th)
CurrencyBrazilian real (BRL)

Brazil, officially the Federative Republic of Brazil, is a country in South America. It's the most populous country in its continent.


Pre-colonization (~60,000 BCE – 1500)

Colonization period (1500–1822)

Empire era (1822–1889)

Republic era (1889–present)



Class struggle in Brazil

Thousands took up the streets of São Paulo against the Federal Government in 19th June, 2021

In June 19th, 2021, protesters in over 400 cities in protest of the fascist Jair Bolsonaro government. Militants and activists gathered safely, respecting social isolation guidelines related to the COVID-19 pandemic.[9]





  1. Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics (2020). Estimates published in official government documents.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 CIA World Factbook (2020). Brazil – The world factbook (economy)
  3. Trading economics (2021). Brazil unemployment rate
  4. Trading economics (2021). Brazil labor force participation rate
  5. World Bank (2019). GDP (current US$) - Brazil
  6. World Bank (2019). GDP per capita (current US$) - Brazil
  7. World Bank (2019). Exports of goods and services (current US$) - Brazil
  8. World Bank (2019). Imports of goods and services (current US$) - Brazil
  9. Beatriz Drague Ramos (2021-06-21). For vaccines for all and against Bolsonaro, demonstrators take to the streets this Saturday [Portuguese: Por vacinas para todos e contra Bolsonaro, manifestantes vão às ruas neste sábado]. Ponte Jornalismo.