Socialist state

From ProleWiki, the proletarian encyclopedia

A socialist state, socialist republic, or socialist country, sometimes referred to as a workers' state or workers' republic, is a sovereign state which is constitutionally dedicated to the establishment of socialism. The term communist state is often used synonymously in the West specifically when referring to one-party socialist states governed by Marxist–Leninist communist parties, despite these countries being officially socialist states in the process of building socialism. These countries have not described themselves as communist nor as having implemented a communist society, but are in the process of doing so.


Socialist states commonly have centrally planned economies, democratic centralism, and maintain a policy of secularism or state atheism. In recent decades, many socialist states have adopted market socialist economies, which many Marxists have seen as not socialism, but a form of state capitalism.

Current socialist states

Marxist–Leninist states

Countries with constitutional references to socialism

Socialist territories with limited recognition

Former socialist states

Marxist–Leninist states

States with governing communist or socialist parties

See also